Cross-reactivity to legumes is possible; consider allergy potential with chickpea, peanuts, soybeans, lentils, lupin, green peas, or coriander. Fenugreek can be used as a vegetable, as seeds, or as dried herbs. This herb may have numerous health benefits. The availability of only 1 study for pre-diabetes limited the usefulness of disease subgroup analysis. Each of the 8 individual climacteric subscale scores was also significantly improved with the fenugreek extract (P < 0.01). Last updated on Dec 20, 2018. Outcome measures included the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), and Hoehm and Yahr (H & Y) staging measured at baseline and at 6 months. Animal studies have also demonstrated antifertility effects in both males and females. Trigonella foenum-graecum. Common Name: Fenugreek, Sicklefruit fenugreek: Family: Fabaceae or Leguminosae: USDA hardiness: 5-9: Known Hazards: The seed contains 1% saponins[240]. It should also be manufactured by a reliable company that uses GMP certified facilities and have few additional ingredients. It is not only used in cooking, but also used for medicinal purposes. A clinical trial evaluated the effects of fenugreek fiber 4 and 8 g at breakfast in adult non-diabetic patients with a body mass index of 30 or higher. In North Africa, Asia, and southern Europe, fenugreek was traditionally used for diabetes and to … The mucilages of fenugreek's and several other plants' seeds have been determined and their hydrolysates analyzed.11 Fenugreek gel consists chiefly of galactomannans, characterized by their high water-holding capacity. This product has not been reviewed by the FDA to determine whether it is safe or effective and is not subject to the quality standards and safety information collection standards that are applicable to most prescription drugs. Limited clinical trial data suggest fenugreek extracts may have a role in the therapy of dyslipidemia, diabetes, and Parkinson disease; however, studies were limited and provided inconsistent dosing information, making it difficult to provide recommendations. Fenugreek seeds, also known as methi seeds, are a common ingredient in Indian curries, as well as Turkish, Persian, Eritrean, Ethiopian, and Egyptian cuisine. Texas Redbud. Explore Fenugreek Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. Common effective dosages are around 1000mg. Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and cytotoxic properties have yet to be fully explored. In a screening study, fenugreek exhibited activity in a monoamine oxidase type A assay but did not demonstrate affinity for the serotonin transporter.30 In a model of sciatic nerve injury in rats, an extract of fenugreek restored motor nerve conduction but not nerve ligation.31 In a model of Parkinson disease in rats, fenugreek seed extract demonstrated neuroprotective effects and reversed motor-related symptoms.32, A small clinical study evaluated the effect of adjuvant standardized hydroalcoholic extract of fenugreek seeds in patients with Parkinson disease. Consider therapy modification.56, 57, 58, 59, 78, Herbs (anticoagulant/antiplatelet properties): May enhance the adverse/toxic effect of other herbs (anticoagulant/antiplatelet properties). Home. Fenugreek is a plant that belongs to Fabaceae family, is also called methi in India. The name of the genus, Trigonella, derives from the Latin for "little triangle", in reference to the shape of fenugreek yellowish-white flowers. Hence, scientific name of Fenugreek is used worldwide. A 2005 study published in the Cell Biology International reported that fenugreek has protective effects against breast cancer, inhibiting “ mammary hyperplasia ” [ 19 ]. Common Pests of Fenugreek – Problem: Aphids The Hindi name in English script is Methi, there are 2 types of fenugreek the seeds and the plant which can be cooked and used like spinach, I buy it dried here in Toronto Canada, I like it fresh but it has small oval leaves and you have to pick them off the stems. turmeric, echinacea, saw palmetto, milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba. Cross-reactivity to legumes is possible; consider allergy potential with chickpea, peanuts, soybeans, lentils, lupin, green peas,or coriander. Of the 130 related cases of liver injury related to supplements, 65% were from non-bodybuilding supplements and occurred most often in Hispanic/Latinos compared to non-Hispanic whites and non-Hispanic blacks. The quality of the majority of studies was low with only 3 being scored as high quality.89. Common English name: Fenugreek, bird ‘s foot, Fresh Menthi, Greek -clover, Greek Hay, Sicklefruit, Cooper’s Clover Etymology: Fenugreek is derived from foenum- graecum, which in turn gives the scientific name of this plant.Foenum – graecum means ” Greek hay “. Fenugreek has very few problems in an organic garden. Fenugreek (Methi) seeds are most commonly used as medicine in Ayurveda as well folk medicine. One small clinical study was conducted among patients with type 1 diabetes, and the balance was conducted among healthy participants or those with type 2 diabetes.8, 36 Most studies found a reduction of fasting blood glucose of 30 to 45 mg/dL,8, 43 and some showed a decrease in glycosylated hemoglobin. The primary inclusion criterion was last menses between 12 months and 3 years; although, the authors noted ambiguously that the last menstrual period in participants of both groups was noted to have occurred before 12 months. This plant is called मेंथी in Hindi, Τριγωνέλλα in Greek, fenacho in Portuguese and Kozieradka in Polish. Fenugreek or most commonly ‘methi‘ in Hindi is a popular spice having a strong scent and a pungent flavor. B., Yancey, A. M., Barnes, K. N., and Myles, T. D. The use of galactogogues in the breastfeeding mother. Fenugreek has documented uterine stimulant effects and has been used in traditional medicine to induce childbirth and hasten delivery by promoting uterine contractions. Liver transplant was also more frequent with toxicity from non-bodybuilding supplements (13%) than with conventional medications (3%) (P<0.001). The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. A standardized hydroalcoholic extract of fenugreek seeds is available, and a trial evaluated its use in patients with Parkinson disease at 300 mg twice daily for a period of 6 months. No, fenugreek does not boost either free or total testosterone levels according to the scientific evidence at hand. Reductions of serum cholesterol (15% to 33%) from baseline were reported in all the trials identified.47 Results from further studies conducted among patients with diabetes found equivocal results, with most reporting decreases in total cholesterol, triglycerides, and low-density lipoprotein.8, 34, 89, Antifungal and antibacterial properties have been demonstrated.17 A French patent was granted to a product containing extracts of several herbal products, including fenugreek, purported to have activity against human and animal flagellate parasites.48, Oral administration of fenugreek seed fractions and fiber products resulted in dose-dependent gastric protection similar to that of nonprescription antacid medication.17, 49, 50, 77 Because of the association of Helicobacter pylori with gastritis, peptic ulcer, and gastric cancer, in vitro experimentation was conducted in H. pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells with 24 medicinal plants indigenous to Pakistan to evaluate their effect on secretion of IL-8 and generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in order to assess anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective effects. Avoid if an allergy to any member of the Fabaceae family exists. Scientific Name(s): Trigonella foenum-graecum L.Common Name(s): Faenum graecum, Fenugreek, Huluba, Methi, Semen Trigonellae. Along with the scientific name of Fenugreek, know the scientific names of other plants too. It’s a common ingredient in Indian dishes and often taken as a supplement. Overall, the number of severe liver injury cases was significantly higher from supplements than conventional medications (P=0.02). Seeds contain 0.1% to 0.9% diosgenin and are extracted on a commercial basis. These effects were observed at a dose as low as 100 mg/kg/day, a human dose equivalent of 16.2 mg/kg (972 mg/60 kg).17, 52, 90 In humans, congenital malformations (ie, hydrocephalus, anencephaly, cleft palate, spina bifida) have been reported in offspring of women who consumed fenugreek seeds during pregnancy.90. Fenugreek goes by many names around the world. provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Fenugreek showed greater efficacy than placebo, but further, larger trials are required to determine if fenugreek has a place in the treatment of Parkinson disease.33 A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial found clinically significant beneficial changes in total and motor UPDRS scores as well as H & Y staging for 42 early Parkinson patients taking 300 mg twice daily of a standardized fenugreek extract for 6 months as a nutritional adjuvant to levodopa/carbidopa therapy.82, The galactomannan-rich soluble fiber fraction of fenugreek may be responsible for the antidiabetic activity of the seeds.3 Insulinotropic and antidiabetic properties also have been associated with the amino acid 4-hydroxyisoleucine, which occurs in fenugreek at a concentration of about 0.55%. You can also know the Fenugreek Scientific Classification which will help you gain the botanical information about the plant. Very limited evidence of effectiveness was found for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea with fenugreek compared to placebo or no treatment (1 randomized clinical trial, N = 101). In vitro studies have indicated that this amino acid directly stimulates pancreatic beta-cells. Select one or more newsletters to continue. Fenugreek actually prevents the aggregation of platelets together, which is the mechanism by which one of the most common blood thinners, aspirin, works as well. The plant thrives in full sun and in rich, well-drained soils, and has a spicy odor that remains on the hands after contact.1, 2, Fenugreek herb has been used for centuries as a cooking spice in Europe and remains a popular ingredient in pickles, curry powders, and spice mixtures in India and other parts of Asia. The scientific name of Fenugreek is the botanical name or formal name. A Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis of dietary supplements for dysmenorrhea identified only low or very low quality studies with very small sample sizes. It plays a vital role in Indian spices which is used to enhance the taste of food and also prevents various health problems. Pratia. It is not known whether components of the herb are transferred to the infant via breast milk. Three minor steroidal sapogenins, smilagenin, sarsasapogenin, and yuccagenin, also have been found in the seeds.9, 10 The lactone sotolone is responsible for the plant's characteristic smell. This product may adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, foods, or other dietary supplements. Additionally, effects of fenugreek on lipid parameters were assessed and the pooled data revealed a significant decrease with fenugreek on triglycerides (−0.27 mmol/L; P=0.01) and total cholesterol (−0.30 mmol/L; P=0.03). Fenugreek has been a part of Siddha and Ayurvedic medicine for a very long time. These galactomannans have a unique structure and may be responsible for some of the characteristic therapeutic properties attributed to fenugreek.3, The use of fenugreek has been limited by its bitter taste and pungent odor. Fruits + Chicago Hardy Fig. It is … Only 1 study out of 7 showed an effect on insulin.44 Study methodology limitations exist. Fenugreek is a widely used herbal agent, but data are insufficient to determine its efficacy and safety. No significant effects were found on low-density lipoprotein or high-density lipoprotein levels overall. Heterogeneity observed with FBG was deemed likely due to diseases. Fenugreek seed powder dosage was 1.8 to 2.7 g taken 3 times daily for the first 3 days of menstruation (total daily dose, 5.4 to 8.1 g). Fenugreek seeds have been used as an oral insulin substitute, and seed extracts have been reported to lower blood glucose levels. Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and cytotoxic properties have yet to be fully explored. Diosgenin, a precursor used in commercial steroid synthesis, is extracted from the seeds. This product may be unsafe when used before surgery or other medical procedures. Fenugreek, Trigonella foenum-graecum, is an herbaceous annual plant in the family Fabaceae grown for its leaves and seeds which are used as a herb or spice.The fenugreek plant may have a single stem or may be branched at the stem base. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. It was a key ingredient in a 19th century patent medicine Lydia Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, which was used for dysmenorrhea and postmenopausal symptoms. Monitor therapy.61, 62, 63, 78, Fenugreek is generally recognized as safe for use both as a spice and as a fiber. Several coumarin compounds have been identified in fenugreek seeds, as well as a number of alkaloids (eg, trigonelline, gentianine, carpaine), including the alkaloid hydroxyisoleucine, which is considered to stimulate insulin secretion. Mild and transient GI effects are most commonly reported; hypoglycemia, micturition, dizziness have also been documented within a range of doses and variety of preparations. Anti-implantation and abortifacient effects have been demonstrated in female rodents and rabbits, whereas reduced sperm counts and motility, genetic damage in germ cells, and toxic effects on testicular tissue were seen in male animals. While other benefits are being studied, today fenugreek is most widely used and researched for two purposes: as a galactagogue, something that can help a breastfeeding mother increase her bre… Please I’m still searching for the local name of Jujube leaves in … In Persian it is Shanbalîleh, and in Arabic its name is Hilbeh. The use of fenugreek dates back to around 4000 BC. Common Name of Fenugreek in other languages is an interesting information one should know. Of the 217 supplement products implicated in liver injury, fenugreek was among the 22% (116) of the single-ingredient products.88, Based on animal studies, oral doses for humans should not exceed 350 mg/kg (21 g/60 kg) to prevent accidental overdose.90. Can fenugreek increase breast size? Alternate Names Fenugreek is also known as Methya (in Marathi), menthya (in Kannada), Vendayam (in Tamil), Menthulu (in Telugu), Uluva (in Malayalam) , Uluhaal ( in Sinhalese), Methi ( (In Oriya,Bangla, Punjabi, Urdu and Hindi). Fenugreek is a plant also known as Alholva, Bird's Foot, Bockshornklee, Bockshornsame, Chandrika, Fenogreco, Foenugraeci Semen, Greek Clover, Greek Hay, Greek Hay Seed, Hu Lu Ba, Medhika, Methi, Sénégrain, Trigonella, Woo Lu Bar, and other names. Fenugreek seed daily doses ranged from 1 to 100 g (median, 25 g) given over a range of 10 to 84 days (median, 30 days). Available for Android and iOS devices. Common Name: Fenugreek Scientific Name: Trigonella foenum-graecum Other Names: Bird’s Foot, Bockshornklee, Greek Hay Seed Description Fenugreek is an annual plant belonging to the Fabaceae family. As an herbal remedy, this is one of the most common uses and if true, it might be related to the seeds’ effect on estrogen and prolactin levels. It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. There are no clinical data regarding the use of fenugreek as an antitumor agent. What is fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) ?Characteristics of fenugreek. Limited clinical trial data suggest fenugreek extracts may have a role in the therapy of dyslipidemia, diabetes, and Parkinson disease; however, studies were limited and provided inconsistent dosing information, making it difficult to provide recommendations. The plant has an erect growth habit and a strong, sweet aroma. Although no significant direct cytotoxic effects on the gastric cells or bactericidal effects on H. pylori were found, fenugreek was observed to have mild and moderate inhibitory activity on IL-8 at 50 and 100 mcg/mL, respectively, in H. pylori-infected gastric cells.85, Reduction in cataract incidence was demonstrated in diabetic rats receiving an extract of fenugreek seeds and leaves. Some of the common names of herb fenugreek include greek-hay, methi seeds, bird's foot, greek-clover, etc. [Source 47)] Fenugreek seeds. Isolation of the biologically active components or production of a more palatable extract, which would allow greater use of the plant, have been investigated.3, Suppression of interleukin production and allergic symptoms were demonstrated in rats pretreated with fenugreek extracts.12, 13, 14 Inhibition of the arachidonic acid pathway was demonstrated in mice,15 and studies in rats with induced arthritis have found positive effects on erythrocyte sedimentation rate, total white blood cells, and C-reactive protein.14, 16, There are very limited clinical data regarding the use of fenugreek as an anti-inflammatory agent. Bleeding may occur. Fenugreek also known as Methi in Hindi, has its botanical name as Trigonella Foenum-Graecum. I was shocked to know that tummeric is ata- ile called Ajo in my local language. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Fenugreek oilextracted from the fenugreek seeds is also used for diabetes control, muscle spasm, enh… Low to moderate doses have been shown to produce mild CNS stimulation in rats with higher doses producing twitches, tremors, painful stimuli, and generalized convulsions.90, Data collected between 2004 and 2013 among 8 US centers in the Drug-induced Liver Injury Network revealed 15.5% (130) of hepatotoxicity cases was caused by herbals and dietary supplements whereas 85% (709) were related to medications. A member of the bean family, fenugreek grows as an erect annual with long, slender stems reaching 30 to 60 cm tall. In vitro studies with human cancer cell lines and experiments in laboratory animals have shown that fenugreek and certain constituents, especially diosgenin, exert growth inhibitory and cytotoxic effects. Though it is mostly used for culinary purposes, there are also number of medicinal and beauty benefits of fenugreek powder. Fenugreek powder is the dust form of the spice and is easily available in the market. Fenugreek may lower blood glucose and cholesterol levels in people with diabetes. Fenugreek Herb Notes / Side Effects Latin Name. In all 10 studies, significant effects were observed on fasting blood glucose (FBG) compared with controls (P < 0.001) in patients with diabetes (types 1 and 2) but not in participants without diabetes; doses less than 5 g/day were unlikely to produce effects. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 2 Nov 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 2 Nov 2020), ASHP (updated 23 Oct 2020) and others. Allergy to fenugreek is recognized, including severe responses such as asthma, anaphylaxis, and toxic epidermal necrosis. Avoid use in pregnancy. Animal studies have demonstrated abortifacient effects in females and antifertility effects in males and females; whereas congenital malformations have been observed in humans as well as animals. So what is Fenugreek powder? However, there are a few things to be on the lookout for. The remaining residue is rich in nitrogen and potassium, and is used as an agricultural fertilizer.2, 3, The leaves contain at least 7 saponins, known as graecunins, which are glycosides of diosgenin. Serrano Pepper. Fenugreek (also known as Greek Hay and Fenigreek), is an herb that is commonly found growing in the Mediterranean region of the world. Fenugreek seeds have been used in traditional medicine to augment breast milk supply.54, 92 Fenugreek has been shown to stimulate sweat production, offering a possible mechanism of action. The seeds also contain the saponin fenugrin B. Fenugreek is an herb long used in alternative medicine. If you want to know what a plant is called in Hindi, Greek, Portuguese or Polish, you are at the right place. Trees-Acacia. Common name of Fenugreek is the name which changes with change in the regions. Fecal bile acid and cholesterol excretion are increased by fenugreek administration.3 This may be secondary to a reaction between the bile acids and fenugreek-derived saponins causing the formation of micelles too large for the digestive tract to absorb. There are many testimonials and positive reviews by women who claim it makes their breast larger, but there’s no scientific validation of these claims. In another study, micturition and dizziness were reported within 24 hours of acute administration of a 40 mg/kg single dose of aqueous leaf extract.90 A trial evaluating the safety of a standardized hydroalcoholic extract of fenugreek seeds at a dosage of 300 mg twice daily over 6 months reported no hematological or biochemical effects, including effects on liver and kidney function tests, over placebo.33 In contrast, animal studies have repeatedly documented histopathological and hematological changes in the liver and kidney.90, Fenugreek should be used with caution in individuals taking thyroid hormones because animal studies suggest that it may alter T3 and T4 levels.66, 67, Allergy to fenugreek is recognized; asthma, rhinitis, sneezing, excessive tearing, bronchospasm, numbness of head, facial angioedema, wheezing, and toxic epidermal necrolysis have been documented in several case reports. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -,, On the other hand, foenum graecum means "Greek hay" and it is thought to be assigned by the Romans who got the plant from Greece , where the fenugreek plant has been a common crop since ancient times. Studies in patients with type 2 diabetes and hypercholesterolemia have used from 1 g/day of a hydroalcoholic extract of fenugreek up to 100 g/day of germinated fenugreek seeds, whereas seed powder 1.8 to 2.7 g taken 3 times daily for the first 3 days of menstruation was used in primary dysmenorrhea (total daily dose, 5.4 to 8.1 g); 500 mg twice daily of a standardized extract was studied for management of postmenopausal symptoms. Duration of therapy did not appear to reduce efficacy or induce resistance. Fenugreek Thins Blood. When ingested in culinary quantities, fenugreek is usually devoid of adverse reactions. Fenugreek Seeds are indicated in most of the diseases, but the Fenugreek leaves are commonly used as food additive. Monitor therapy.60, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents: Herbs (anticoagulant/antiplatelet properties) may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents. When ingested in culinary quantities, fenugreek is usually devoid of adverse reactions.64 Mild transient GI effects (ie, dyspepsia, abdominal distention, diarrhea, flatulence, nausea) have been reported with chronic administration in diabetic patients as well as healthy adults in clinical studies and case reports with dosages ranging from 1 mg/day hydro-alcoholic seed extract for 2 months to 12.5 g fenugreek seed powder given twice daily for up to 24 weeks.2, 65, 90 Uncompensated coagulation failure in a patient with cirrhosis was believed to be attributed to coumarins from long-term, high doses of fenugreek-based porridge.91, Hypoglycemia has been reported in diabetic and healthy adults given 100 g of defatted fenugreek seed powder for as little as 10 days. Crookneck Squash. It is cultivated and used all around the world, but mainly in India. Common Problems. Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce. No adverse effects were reported or observed with fenugreek extract.87. Historically, Fenugreek was used mostly for therapeutic purposes. Subscribe to newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. After 115 days of treatment, cataracts were diagnosed in 25% of fenugreek recipients compared with 100% of diabetic controls.51, The effects of a proprietary fenugreek seed husk extract (FenuSMART) was assessed in symptomatic menopausal women in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial (n = 88). Fenugreek doses ranged from 1 to 100 g (median, 6.3 g) given as a capsule or powder for 1 week to 3 years (median, 60 days). Plant tissue cultures from seeds grown under optimal conditions have been found to produce as much as 2% diosgenin with smaller amounts of gitongenin and trigogenin. At the end of the study period, mean total menopausal symptom scores were significantly lower in the extract-treated group (−15.19) compared to placebo (−3.71; P <0.001), as well as compared to baseline. There are no clinical data regarding the use of fenugreek as an antioxidant. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this product. Consider therapy modification.56, 57, 58, 59, Hypoglycemic agents: Herbs (hypoglycemic properties) may enhance the hypoglycemic effect of hypoglycemic agents. Other names for the herbal spice include Greek hay, Greek hay seed, bird’s foot, Greek clover, foenugreek, sicklefruit fenugreek, hu lu ba, alholva, … Another hypothesis attributes the cholesterol-lowering activities to the fiber-rich gum portion of the seed, which reduces the rate of hepatic synthesis of cholesterol. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. Each pod contains about 10 to 20 small, yellowish-brown, angular seeds, which are dried to form the commercial spice. With the exception of certain products that are generally recognized as safe in normal quantities, including use of folic acid and prenatal vitamins during pregnancy, this product has not been sufficiently studied to determine whether it is safe to use during pregnancy or nursing or by persons younger than 2 years of age. To prevent accidental overdose, oral doses for humans should not exceed 350 mg/kg (21 g/60 kg).
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