The traditional pig slaughter in Croatia as well as the neighboring Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia and Serbia is a widespread practice that involves pig slaughtering, processing, and butchery of pig meat, and is observed by rural families, usually in late autumn. Consequently, around 1,300 pigs are killed per hour in this pig slaughter facility! 0000004248 00000 n 0000003235 00000 n The slaughtering should not be done on a production line where pigs are slaughtered. During this process, inedible and products (e.g., products not … Around 28% of a hog’s live weight is inedible product re-moved during the slaughter and dressing procedure bringing our 250 lb. 7. Proceed with caution. Types of Mechanically separated meat (MSM) 15.4. trailer This process was a lot harder before we had the tractor, as the pig below weighs between 300 and 350lbs. 0000001632 00000 n Re-number steps as necessary. 0000003947 00000 n Before you begin the actual cutting of steaks, chops and roasts on your pig you will need to break down your pig into primal cuts. 11 0 obj 0000004294 00000 n 0000032470 00000 n Pigs are delivered to the abattoir in trucks, and held for one to two days in holding yards. Study visit to Emilia Romagna Region (Italy) and ob-servation of slaughter and pig farming techniques for pig farmers in the cooperative. Pork, Sheep, Goat Slaughter Model Directions for Use of the Hazard Analysis Form 1. These recommendations address the need to ensure the welfare of food animals during pre-slaughter and slaughter processes, until they are dead. Pig slaughter line is divided into pig dehairing line and pig peeling line. It may include cut up processes to prepare pork and products for human consumption. In essence, the methods relate to the manner in whichthe animal is killed and bled and to some extent dressing and handlingprior to use as food. 3. Head for the Shoulders. Carbon dioxide stunning is used only in large pig abattoirs. Cross out, white out, or delete all steps that are NOT part of your process. 2.1.1 Slaughtering and processing of pigs The basic process for slaughtering and processing pigs is shown in Figure 2—1. Scalding or Skinning. 2. The If an establishment is a combination plant, i.e. ���S�簊E7I�;6C�C���!�?t����T����V/����rU.p�W[`���i7}�h�z��]��������7 W�������� V��n�%U�w���n��T��7�O�/Gh,��f!0��F�������O����[�.����sƟL�$ 4���A|6}|� ��@��n���m�ѻaY?��2��Ǥ*^�&侷�I�7���ŗ���Y!����`�$���8�ih/Лkv��2N,�rZ|�u}��*c��8tO[_��O. <<43cf78ac1ce1004f81c3b9c00c2878c0>]>> Some culture… I’ll tell you upfront, we used to raise pigs. Before you begin the butchering, make sure you're wearing heavy-duty disposable latex gloves. /Filter /FlateDecode << ��1��u:��@=}���6+�qVᥙ�\���l�t�y�^(���j/ Legal requirements for raw materials A. • Under conventional slaughtering method, many of the pig slaughterers pluck the hair instead of scalding or burning it. Strain ‘Pandemic (H1N1) Polyserositis and arthritis of pigs from bacterium Haemophilus parasuis. 2192 18 Pig dehairing line uses scalding pool and dehairing machine to process pig hair. Butcher and author Bryan Mayer shows Bon Appetit how to butcher an entire pig at Wyebrook Farm and explains every cut of pork. endstream endobj 2209 0 obj<>/W[1 1 1]/Type/XRef/Index[86 2106]>>stream After reviewing and grouping the products produced, you will know the number of models that are needed to assist in developing your plant-specific plans. The most important part of swine production is in knowing the correct way to feed pigs. Male grower pigs at around 2 ½ months before slaughter. Add any processing steps not already shown and make sure that each new step is assigned a number. It was not my intention to name and shame people involved in the pig slaughter sector in Uganda and their efforts to provide safe food to their clients because they do their best they can with the means at their hand but they are also committed to improve the process. 0000002055 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� • About 70-100 gm of hair is obtained from each mature pig which give an income of Rs.30.00 to Rs. Place the s hooks in the hocks and lift with the single tree.. Good work and Good eating. On average about 57% of a hog make it from the pen to the pan. Make sure that each step has the same name and number in both the Process Flow … A 250 lb. The slaughtering must be done manually not by a machine, as one of the conditions is the intention, which is not found in a machine. 0000004170 00000 n Introduction 15.1. This was a very good article about the process of butchering pigs for meat. Feeder pig: Young pigs sold after weaning for growing to reach slaughter weight Finishing pig: Young pig generally weighing more than 60 Kg. Primal cuts of meat are initially separated from the carcass during processing. Even when the closest inspected slaughter and/or processing facility seems too far away, building an entirely new plant, mobile or fixed, may not be The other processes are the sam. ;���J���FH���v� ��j�����և�����y�t�����7�f��أ3}�M�1(|a�����gU6��o�5��ޚ�uo7�w�Y��kt�u�֘��i� QHgBFO}}wtp|��߃!z�����`��9tӸ�/���8���I�m�����ɠ�F7Ɲ5���g�����n�F��h�4�bv�� �I�@���|�ݐߝ�w����/ ����" hog will yield approximately 144 lbs of retail cuts. Introduction Postmortem inspection covers the inspection of the carcasses and parts of meat used for human food. startxref Conscious pigs are being boiled alive In this video, captured at a pig slaughterhouse by Animal Rights International, we can see how conscious pigs are being boiled alive. Not all of the pig is edible pork. Preslaughter handling is a major concern to the livestock industry, especially the pork industry. 0000007124 00000 n include biological (pathological and microbiological for beef slaughter), chemical or physical contamination of food products. The slaughter process has two stages: Stunning, when performed correctly, causes an animal to lose consciousness, so the animal can't feel pain.The law states that, with few exemptions, all animals must be stunned before 'sticking' (neck cutting) is carried out. PREPARATION. In the United States the humane treatment of animals during each of these stages is required by the Humane Slaughter Act. 0000007365 00000 n Flushing: Practice of increasing feed allowance around time of serving (mating with boar) to increase number of eggs produced. Slaughter Process Slaughter is the process whereby healthy, live animals are humanely stunned, bled, dehided, dehaired, and eviscerated. Implementation of a training program for pig breed-ers in cooperative on pig slaughtering and processing techniques. As for myself I have enjoyed my pig skewers in Masaka and pig liver in Kampala. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) published a final rule in July 1996 mandating that HACCP be implemented as the system of process control in all USDA inspected meat and poultry plants. ��_����9�ޚ7�dn.O6`�m���#(l��J�K� ��39�B�B��PJHǁ h@���E���q!�YfY2wʊ���� 0000003679 00000 n stream Whether browsing through a piglet feeding guide or studying swine management techniques, pigs need a high energy diet that is low in fiber that contains ample protein. It takes place after ante mortem inspection, and after the animal has process, manufacturing process of various pork products and sample plant layouts & process flow sheets with machinery details. endstream endobj 2193 0 obj<>/OCGs[2195 0 R]>>/PieceInfo<>>>/LastModified(D:20060202131948)/MarkInfo<>>> endobj 2195 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>>> endobj 2196 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>/Properties<>>>/StructParents 0>> endobj 2197 0 obj<> endobj 2198 0 obj<> endobj 2199 0 obj<> endobj 2200 0 obj<> endobj 2201 0 obj<> endobj 2202 0 obj<> endobj 2203 0 obj<> endobj 2204 0 obj<>stream Any larger and the raw meat may be tough. "y�0iH. 0000002612 00000 n Make sure that every step shown on the Process Flow Diagram is entered in the Hazard Analysis Form. 2. Processing your Pig . used. x���1 0ð4�v\G` z�0�=i2��\x���!��! A single tree with s hooks is helpful for holding the pig’s rear legs apart when gutting the pig. Ⅰ,pig slaughter line. Cause of secondary bacterial infections with A pig’s shoulder is pretty large with different … These recommendations apply to the slaughter in slaughterhouses of the following domestic animals: cattle, buffalo, bison, sheep, goats, camelids, deer, horses, pigs, ratites, rabbits and poultry. This is characteristicof Jewish (Kosher), Sikh (Jhatka) and orthodox Islamic (or Halal)slaughters. Pig feed is made up of a variety of grains, vitamins and minerals. 40.00 per pig.Pig hair has good demand in the market and some traders visit the slaughter places from time to time for Ready-to-eat products 15.2. x�b```b``Y�����z�����b�@�q@ "���\���B� ��=-�m/��M�vt\��p���+�#�w�d욿���ݻ��y 5'p���e����� ��xM�u�Ԕt&Օ'�m�����P���@���JwI���A �V��2)�Y�^'8uN*6��u[rGZ� �`� ��-.���Ĭa ���$>&k��1B$�b� �P��q�B ��R`���P���@ A�q�Ձx�)�� ^;C���\`,��{��Sx`N�=�M�-�`�g`Jra G'�5[20~����6A� ��z Meat processing - Meat processing - Livestock slaughter procedures: The slaughter of livestock involves three distinct stages: preslaughter handling, stunning, and slaughtering. Bleeding after stunning Meat processing facilities – like many manufacturing facilities – can be very expensive to build and operate. live hog to 180 lbs. Although effective for anaesthetizing sheep, it is impractical because of large amounts of CO 2 collecting in the wool and affecting operators on the killing line.. H���[o�8�?A�_�,�W�z�%t�N�6;,���L��"ye9�̧�Û,Yd��A�/���s���T�(��*$E���F�_��.�\c$���|�L��s�.�o�%���V�wz?������O�yF�=�d�n�nc��}���~qu{QV+�4a��%G�� Compare these to the list of Process Models in Appendix 2. Slaughtering must be made in the neck from the front (chest) to the back. Pigs are induced into a chamber and exposed to a concentration of 85 percent CO 2 for about 45 seconds. DEFINITIONS For the purpose of this standard: 2.1 Pig means animals in the family Suidae and raised for human consumption. Major contents of the book are behavior of pigs, feeding management, pig breeding, housing management, diseases, pork processing, sausages, bacon, cooked ham, chilling and freezing of meat, meat packaging. 2192 0 obj<> endobj Many start-up businesses fail financially in the first few years. 2 shot 4 – 5 weeks before slaughter, 1st shot 4 to 6 weeks before 2nd shot. Next, we take on the shoulders. 0000001774 00000 n Raw materials and general processing C. Minced meat D. Meat preparations Describe the process of conducting postmortem inspection procedures. The resulting carcass may be split and/or fabricated in some fashion. 0000000016 00000 n dressed. This time, it went a lot smoother. Pig slaughter caught on hidden camera inside a USDA-approved and inspected slaughterhouse that supplies Hormel. it takes approximately between 3.5-4 kilograms of feed to produce a kilogram of pork. 2.2 Pig abattoir means any premises and buildings established for pig slaughtering and dressing. The pig peeling line uses pre-peeling conveyor and peeling machine for pig skin processing. slaughterhouse for slaughtering and processing of pigs in Klinë/Klina. The tradition is variously called "koline", kolinje, prašćina, svinjokolj, svinjokolja or svinjokolje or posjek. /Length 12 0 R [P�!O��q�QHUz;��>�)���+�`A*�sV��>�v�巏W�F��ѧ��������W_�~����1�[C#xMv�����e%���ͺݢG�Ǿ���p@H�Տ��t;�M������f@u�u��l��Ђr�7{^U8�^��3,v=w}�]#�[�96�o^�[�d�no���Cݵ�5z�0ָ�n���g�P�������ǽ]fO�m��{����{��[+��=�>�Μ]��3��@�]? These recommendations address the need to ensure the welfare of food animals during pre-slaughter and slaughter processes, until they are dead. Steps for Processing Your Wild Hog 1. H��Wmsں��_�ۙ#ɒm5�si�Kܛ9����b�m������#a��ig��V��쳏:ݬH��Y�?w��M�I�H�Q��k��z���M�]��X �Q���8��-�h�������矽�>�u�}��� �,�($��/S����³N�>��B���G��@�%��/�)̀2�N�7g�/��?�>L���9L�q�9�/iT�tm�"��&���l��VΘ'J|*-��x���LB�LT�n��K&����N�J��k����&+uUeF��p�E���5�cG��!kӏ�ЏdRX~v�9��(5Z��I���I��sF�M.Y�K�����>�bM�E5:K�[��e�ϲd���p�k��ړ�|G`,^k�ޥJ�)�e�ũw�:>&�j������n�7�O`���d�^�[G6��y�mu��R]8n���B�{b�Y(�̢l�9,��s�C�ytu/���C��9����Q���/�Ŋ��gX���q4�M{θC��-�m�!�����i^��Cc�.a�>�3��x��$.^A����t��J����t����Z,ޅ��&ZQ�պ4 (�q�Ց_�� �}��W (ü��p Almost all feed is fed to pigs in a dry form, either as mash (loose but dry) or pellets. Pig Meat (TAS 6000-2004). Beef Slaughter Model Directions for Use of the Process Flow Diagram 1. Other For better taste and easier processing, look for wild hogs that are 60-120 pounds. It's also hard to pick up and transport any pig larger than that. >> *�%� 0 Grains, such as wheat, 0000001118 00000 n 2194 0 obj<>stream %���� Slaughter methods prevailing throughout the world are governedeither by tradition, ritual or legislation depending upon the peopleand the country. Our first pigs we pulled up by hand, which is a process I’m not eager to repeat. Meat Industry. 0000000672 00000 n Ritualistic or religious slaughter often requires the animal to bein a state of consciousness at the time it is bled. Structural and prerequisite hygiene requirements B. conducting both slaughter and processing activities, the The colder the meat the easier to handle. xref Lay It to Rest. Feed accounts for approximately 65% of the cost of pig meat production. The meat industry tortures billions of animals all over the world, and Europe is of course of no exception. 0000001337 00000 n %PDF-1.2 They are generally fasted for a day to reduce the amount of intestinal contents. Sides and Primal Cuts. ‘Composite’ products 15.3. Define how the establishment must dispose of condemned product. I quickly realized how much work they were, … %%EOF PIG SLAUGHTER LINE. Witness Journo Bradford Keen visited Triple A Beef's abattoir to see how cattle are slaughtered and end up on your plate. 0000006601 00000 n The pig slaughter plant featured in this video is one of 5 facilities in the U.S., operating under a pilot program that allows high speed slaughter. Chapter 15 Meat Processing 15. 6. Animal slaughter and processing produces very strong organic waste from body fluids, such as blood, and gut contents. A. Koltuniewicz, in Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering, 2010.
2020 pig slaughter process pdf