Chromatographic separation of the dicloromethane extract of the bark of C. cebuense gave rise to safrole and eugenol which were identified by NMR spectroscopy. Weed Research, Japan, 21(1):6-11. Vegetable amaranths grow very well in the hot, humid regions of Africa, South-east Asia, Southern China, and India; they are represented by various amaranth species, such as A. tricolor, A. dubius, A. cruentus, A. edulis, A. retroflexus, A. viridis, and A. hybridus. The highest antioxidant activity was observed at stage III (flower opening) accompanying the highest content of ascorbic acid and phenolic compounds, while no significant difference of β-carotene contents was observed among the four maturity stages. afforded a 4:1 mixture of spinasterol (1a) and 24- active against the fungi (Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans) and the bacteria (Bacillus The efficacy of each extract in preventing viral penetration into a living cell as well as its effect on the virus itself and the toxicity of same on the cell were all determined. �����4/5�<3�l�$��*3�Ȼ�.���i�����E[� In a similar way a screening exercise was carried out to determine the antipyretic potential of the extract using yeast induced pyrexia method in rats. <> {���m����w�������'���߫� C. Y. Ragasa, E. S. Javier, I. G. Tan. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. The aim of this study was to investigate the levels of POPs in irrigation water, soil and in Amaranthus viridis (A. viridis) from different gardening sites in Kinshasa to evaluate the potential environmental and human health risks. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. of. ), Euphorbia lateriflora (Schum. Carlsson, R. 1980. 4 0 obj S. Kuznecovs, K. Jegina, I. Kuznecovs. Chemistry of Natural Compounds, Vol. The study concluded that the promising antioxidant capacities of A. viridis extract can further be utilized in various agricultural, pharmaceutical, and food applications. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. We report herein ... All content in this area was uploaded by Consolacion Ragasa on Feb 09, 2015, 1) Chemistry Department and Center for Natura. Another study reported that after treatment with A. viridis methanol extract, normal and streptozotocin induced diabetic rats exhibited a significant increase in body weight and a decrease in blood glucose, total cholesterol, and serum triglycerides [3]. Pigweed (Amaranthus viridis L.), belonging to the family Amaranthaceae, is commonly known with different names such as Amaranth, Slender amaranth, Chinese spinach, Caruru, and Tampala. endobj 1. A. Rideout, C. Y. Ragasa, H. T. Ngo. Common name(s) Green Amaranth. Amaranthus viridis Linn is a common summer weed found every where. (Hue et al., 2017, The methanol extract of the tubers of Polygonum perfoliatum L. afforded a new lignan: 8-oxo-pinoresinol (1), and five known compounds 3',5-dihydroxy-3,4',5',7-tetramethoxy-flavone (2), catechin (3), quercetin (4), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucuronide (5) and rutin (6). ��!14+8��eEo΀Rb*�dP�l� )-��;�P����zY����DA�j�>��\��;\:�=S��6��TNmԴ��X�Z!��C��eɱ>DNK��`�D[ ʄ � �W��|�;���F1�/�%,��. Keywords Amaranthus Leafy vegetables Nutrients Nutraceutical properties Genetic resources Introduction Africa has experienced mixed progress in reducing Safrole is a known hepatocarcinogen, while eugenol is reported to be cytotoxic. Efficiency on water use was measured by comparing the water use on hydroponic with the control during the plant growing period. (+)-Catechin was the main phenolic compound identified in daylily flowers, accounting for about 74.11% of total phenolics. Saka O. Gbadamosi2 Received: 13 February 2020 / Accepted: 4 March 2020 / Published online: 11 March 2020 On the growth and chlorophyll content in the leaves of Amaranthus viridis with sowing the seed once a month through the year. : 9, Issue. 51, No. Amaranthus viridis is an ecumenical species in the botanical family of Amaranthaceae, which has been traditionally used to treat several skin diseases along with some antilipidemic activities. Amaranthus cruentus: Milling characteristics distribution of nutrient within seed components, and the effects of temperature on nutritional quality. 2004). A sterol isolated from the roots of Amaranthus viridis has been assigned the structure 24-methylene-20- hydroxycholest-5,7-en-3β-ol. Both extracts significantly increased the BR. Ikenaga T, Matuo M, Ohashi H, 1975. All rights reserved. Earlier studies reported the isolation of quercetin and lutein [5] and rutin and β-carotene [6] from A. viridis. This review article is about plants of this family in general and in particular about Amaranthaceae plants of our region. <>/Metadata 1103 0 R/ViewerPreferences 1104 0 R>> © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. proceedings of 54th ththe iier international conference, beijing, china, 13 january 2016, isbn: 978-93-82702-35-1 10 qualitative and quantitative phytochemical analysis and antioxidant potential of amaranthus viridis l. from pakistan 1sehrish sadia, 2zia ur rehman mashwani, 3humara amin, 4arshad ali shedayi, 5jin-tun zhang, 6xiaohang bai, 7brian gagosh nayyar, 8paras mazari Trilinolein treatment induced the upregulation of pro-apoptotic Bax, downregulation of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 expression, which was associated with the proteolytic activation of caspases and the concomitant degradation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) protein. Antimicrobial activity tests on sample 1 indicated that it was slightly Amaranthus – is the scientific name of Kulitis CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Kulitis Kulitis (Amaranthus viridis L. ) is alleged to originate from the lowland Tropical South and Central America and it was introduced into other warm places of the world. Furthermore, spinasterol suppressed the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced expression of pro-inflammatory enzymes and inflammatory mediators in BV2 microglia. Conclusions and future research recommendations are also presented. RM�Wݣ���H�q��Zv"o�y�WO/�v�*����0SĵTr�NN�M��^����i�?���'�X}ß���_��]�bz��we������~�TͤpH^p8+����4��h �&�����y�+��n�� Amaranthus viridis is a vigorous, erect, branched, annual plant growing 10 - 100cm tall. The grains were wet cleaned and dried in a hot air oven (SM9053, Uniscope, UK) at 50°C for 8 hr. The inhibitory action of the extracts from C. sesamoides and L. taraxacifolia were greatest at high concentrations of 15 mg/ml when the virus had already penetrated the cell. CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the dissertation work entitled “NEUROPHARMACOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF LEAVES OF AMARANTHUS VIRIDIS.L IN RATS & MICE” submitted by Register Weed of disturbed areas. M. J. Iqbal, S. Hanif, Z. Mahmood, F. Anwar, A. Jamil. The extracts contained appreciable levels of total phenolic contents (1.03 to 3.64 GAE, g/100 g) and total flavonoid contents (18.4 – 5.42 QE, g/100 g) and also exhibited good 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity as revealed by IC 50 (14.25 -83.43 µg/ml). x��=َ9���zY@9p��W2��Q��>��]�م=r�\�i��R�ݞ?ڷ��m��~�2�gf�u���7�j)�"���d�f����>�����h�����;?��Ã��/fNj�Y�8? & Throes) and Amaranthus viridis (Linn.) The inflorescence, the flowering part of the plant, is a dense spike of small green flowers. 7. In the present study, the effects of trilinolein on the growth of non-small cell lung carcinoma A549 were investigated. Another study reported the isolation of amasterol, an ecdysone precursor and a growth inhibitor, from the roots of A. viridis [7]. ethyl-5α-cholesta-7, 22, 25-trien-3β-ol (1b). When compared with control, hydroxy-β-sanshool (1b) and xanthoxylin (2) stimulated 13–15 fold calcium uptake of the cultured myocardial cells, which might have caused the positive chronotropic effect. Of 16 flavonoids related in structure with hyperin (4) and quercitrin (6), quercetin, isoquercitrin, rutin, myricetin and myricitrin also increased the BR in the standard medium, while kaempferol and luteorin decreased the BR in the standard medium. 3. A recent study reported that methanol extracts of A. viridis showed considerable antimicrobial activity against selected bacterial and fungal strains with MIC ranging from 179-645 μg/mL. Bangladesh Pharmaceutical Journal 22(1): 117-124, 2019. Amaranthus viridis, A. retroflexus, A. hybridus, A. gracilis, A. gangeticus, A. paniculatus, and A. graecizans are wild types. In this review article, we will present some ethnomedicinal uses of the plants of this family, along with comprehensive literature survey of medicinal, biological and other activities. Amaranthus viridis L., known in the Philippines as Spinach Tagalog and Kolitis, is sold in the market as vegetable. Antioxidant compounds, such as phenolic compounds, ascorbic acid and β-carotene were also analysed. carcinoma (Bcap-37), human colon carcinoma (RKO), human hepatocellular carcinoma (SMMC-7721), human prostate carcinoma (PC3) and human erythroleukaemia (K562) cells. P. C h a k r a b o r t y. Botanical Name : Amaranthus viridis L. Common Name : Dhimbdo, Green Amaranth Plant Family : Amaranthaceae Plant Form : Herb Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 5, 18, 27, 30 Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Sarita Udyan, Infocity About Amaranthus viridis Plant : Habit : Erect or diffuse annual unarmed herbs, simple or branched, 20 - 80cm tall. R o y, A . �kI&�D��dt�pR�t��߿��?M���{|p����dBHY�������u5!VO)%<=Um�y%'�k����5��7�~N��M�����/���xt�VP^�zBXIaHՂ�S4�Y��dLE�BB0������8V�i]H�o8���M�ñq�(�� I1� ����F�D�K&&�.���ߋ�� 5ߗ�;mJ��3V2����;��O���Wt0y����᫋���O�{:��0;;�L�g{��*�Fxt��PEZRr1��,5�R+$��K����O^"N Compound 1 showed cytotoxicity against human mammary, The antioxidant properties of methanol extracts from daylily flowers during maturation were determined with antioxidant assays, including antioxidant activity, DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging, superoxide anion radical scavenging and reducing power. In view of the efficacy of these extracts in inhibiting the cytopathic effect (CPE) of measles virus without harming the host, the utilization of the extracts in the formulation of new antiviral drugs is strongly recommended especially when the availability and the very low cost of these vegetables are considered. A. viridis contains several compounds like amino acids lysine, arginine, histidine, cystine, phenylalanine, leucine, isoleucine, valine, threonine, methionine, tyrosine etc. 12. %���� Flower colour; life form. and to observe the ... M., 2019, The effectiveness of red spinach (Amaranthus tricolor L.) and green spinach (Amaranthus viridis L.) as UV B radiation protection for Bacillus thuringiensis var. A survey study for the use of pesticides and fertilizers was carried out with 740 market gardeners. Spikes green, perianth segments 3. Year 1986 endobj The plates were visualized with vanillin–H, Institute of Biology, College of Science, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezo, the root extract was rechromatographed in 5% EtOAc in petroleum ether. The object of research is the amaranth plant of three species – forage (Amaranthus caudatus L.), grain (Amaranthus cruentus L.) and decorative (Amaran-thus hipochondriacus L.). Occasionally the plant may become a short-lived perennial[299. It has been found that the proteins of this plant, like most other plants, are deficient in some essential amino acids. Hence present investigation reveals the antinociceptive and antipyretic activities of methanolic extract of Amaranthus viridis. Cinnamomum cebuense Kosterm (Lauraceae) is an endemic and endangered Philippine tree yielded used by local residents as remedy for stomach ache. : 6. %PDF-1.7 K . In a low Ca2+ medium (0.5 mM Ca2+), these compounds suppressed the decrease of BR, which was induced by low Ca2+. II. The leaves are mid to light green, deeply veined and alternate. Information will be presented in tables for the convenience of readers, and many structures of natural products are presented. These results suggest that spinasterol has a therapeutic potential against neurodegenerative diseases that are caused by oxidative stress and neuroinflammation. 1, NMR spectra were recorded on a Varian VNMRS spectrometer in CDCl, C NMR spectra. 2013;11(3):206-12. Column chromatography was performed with, silica gel 60 (70–230 mesh), while TLC was performed with plastic backe, . While some of the plants of this family have important nutritional value, others are considered toxic and/or hazardous weeds and many efforts have been made in controlling them. At the present time, 60 species of Amaranthus are documented with Amaranthus viridis popularly known as “tete” in Yoruba being the most widely cultivated vegetable *Corresponding author: Babatunde T. Extracts from four leaves: Ceratotheca sesamoides (Endl. 4. A. retroflexus consists of high number of reported phytoconstituents. In this study, we report the efficacy of spinasterol in effectively modulating the regulation of antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activity through the upregulation of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in murine hippocampal HT22 cells and BV2 microglia. We showed that spinasterol increased the cellular resistance of HT22 cells to oxidative injury caused by the glutamate-induced cytotoxicity by extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway-dependent expression of HO-1. The results of the statistical analysis showed that MEAV had significant (p<0.01) dose dependent antinociceptive and antipyretic properties at 200 and 400 mg/kg. is a fast-growing herb mainly cultivated in Asia, Africa, Latin America (Amin, Norazaidah, & Hainida, 2006). The more polar, Spinasterol exhibits antitumorigenic, anti-inflammatory [13], antimi. 1 0 obj used in Nigeria as edible vegetables were tested for antiviral activities using the measles virus on Human Epidermoid carcinoma (HEP-2) cell line. 46: 1181. Amaranthus viridis L. belongs to family (Amaranthaceae) commonly known as “Chowlai” is a common wild vegetable and weed of cultivation. View abstract. Result obtained from this research showed high rate of diversity. Quantity and quality of Amaranthus grain from plants in temperate, cold and hot, and subtropical climates--A review. Administration of the extracts was applied to both laboratory animals at the doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight, respectively. The extensive discussion section will focus mainly (but not only) on studies of active compounds production. J. It was found that the exposure of A549 cells to trilinolein resulted in the growth inhibition and the induction of apoptosis in a dose- and time- dependent manner. British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, ISSN: 2231-2919,Vol. research is to investigate the hydroponic (NFT, DFT, Aeroponic) efficiency on water use using Amaranthus viridis L. as the planted material. The methanol extract of buckwheat contained principally four flavonol glycosides: rutin, quercetin, kaempferol-3-rutinoside and a trace quantity of a flavonol triglycoside. Besides, the tested extracts showed considerable antimicrobial activity against selected bacterial and fungal strains with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) ranging from 179-645 µg/ml. Keywords: ABTS, Amaranthus viridis, Antioxidants, Aqueous extract, Cancer, DPPH. Amaranthus viridis is a plant that is very widely distributed in our country, grows easily, and is eaten by low-income groups. stream Original-research-article. been reported to have anticancer activities. Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. Significant variation in, An analytical method for flavonoids present in the seed extract of buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench, Polygonaceae), using HPLC and a photodiode array detector and interfaced to an electrospray ionisation mass spectrometer, has been developed. Herb to about 40 cm tall. Methanolic extract of whole plant of Amaranthus viridis L (MEAV), was screened for antinociceptive activity using acetic acid induced writhing test, hot plate test and tail immersion test in mice. R. K. Obi, I. I. Iroagba, O. The present study was conducted to evaluate the phenolics, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of leaf and seed extracts from an edible herb namely Amaranthus viridis L. The extract yields of active components, produced using pure and aqueous methanol, from the leaves and seeds ranged from 5.4 to 6.0 and 2.4 to 3.7%, respectively. Moreover, the activity of PI3K/Akt was downregulated in trilinolein-treated cells. Weed Research, Japan, 20(4):153-156 All the extracts showed dose-dependent antiviral activities. Flowers densely clustered in elongate spikes. 11. Structural information about the flavonols was obtained from the retention time characteristics, the UV-visible spectra and the mass spectra without, In the course of our studies on naturally occurring cardioactive agents, we investigated the effects of water and methanol extracts of a Chinese crude drug “Huajiao” the dried fruit of Zanthoxylum bungeanum, on the spontaneous beating rate (BR) of embryonic mouse myocardial cell sheets in culture. Grain amaranth was an important crop for the preHispanic, New World civilizations. The present study was conducted to evaluate the phenolics, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of leaf and seed extracts from an edible herb namely Amaranthus viridis L. The extract yields of active components, produced using pure and aqueous methanol, from the leaves and seeds ranged from 5.4 to 6.0 and 2.4 to 3.7%, respectively. D u t t a , D . M. aterials and . Our results demonstrated that the most important regulators of trilinolein-induced apoptosis are Bcl-2 family and caspase-3, which are associated with cytochrome c release and dephosphorylation on the Akt signaling pathway. Amaranthus viridis L. seeds were reported to be dispersed by manure in upland DSR agroecosystems in the Philippines (Galinato et al., 1999). Determination of the constituents of these samples by NMR analyses indicated the presence of phytol 1a in sample 1, with lupeol 1b and β-amyrin 1c as impurities (< 10%) and sitosterol (2a) and stigmasterol (2b) in sample 2. Title Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. ... Phenolic compounds: Two phenolic compounds such as Amaranthine (20) and Isoamaranthine (21) bearing anti-malarial activities are known from the medicinal plant A. spinosus (Figure 4) (Hilou et al. above sea level. Flowers pale. Amaranthus spp. Distinguishing features. A. Ojiako. and A. viridis. This research aimed to study the effectiveness of red and green spinach as UVB protection for Btk. The Erode College of Pharmacy and Research Institute, Erode - 638112. Original article submitted March 24, 2013. It is reported to exhibit antiviral and anticancer properties [1] and antinociceptive activity [2]. and 2D NMR analyses. Food Sci. Scientific Name: Amaranthus viridis Root Word: amarantos = unfading, viridis = green Common Name: Slender Amaranth, Green Amaranth Vernacular: Kulites Apaka Synonym: Amaranthus gracilis Desf. The flowers of Cucurbita maxima Duch. ex Poiret Similar Species: Amaranthus spinosus L. Origin: probably native to Old World tropics, early introduction to Pacific Islands Weed Category: Broadleaves J. Studies on the physiology and ecology of Amaranthus viridis. While studying the fate of Commelina benghalensis L. after simulated rumen digestion, Riar et al. ), Lactuca taraxacifolia (Willd. In vitro Antioxidant Activity and Hypolipidemic Effects of an Ethanol Extract of Amaranthus viridis Leaves on Hyperlipidemic Wistar Albino Rats. Trilinolein has been identified as one of the active constituents isolated from Panax notoginseng used widely in traditional Chinese medicine. Their structures were established by MS, one- and two-dimensional NMR experiments.
2020 amaranthus viridis research